(a) Permit Required. No person shall construct, modify, repair, replace, remove, excavate, or destroy any kind of waterless toilet system or any portion thereof without first having obtained a permit to do so from the Health Officer.
(b) The construction or installation of a waterless toilet may also require approval by the local Building Official and shall meet all applicable zoning, structural, mechanical, electrical, and/or plumbing requirements.
(c) Applications. Each application for a permit to construct, modify, repair, replace, remove, excavate, or destroy any type of waterless toilet shall be made on a form provided by the Health Officer. The submittal and review of the application and supporting documentation shall meet the requirements of Chapter 2 of this division. The application shall also include the following:
(1) Site map demonstrating compliance with the siting requirements, setbacks, and end product reuse or disposal areas.
(2) Documentation on the sizing of the waterless toilet system demonstrating it will be appropriate for the number of users and intended demand. In support of the calculated sizing, applicant will provide the reference or the manufacturer’s specifications or public domain information supporting the design, construction, operation and maintenance.
(3) Plans and specifications for the proposed waterless toilet system and dispersal system(s) for the treatment and disposal of the remaining wastewater.
(4) Operation and Maintenance Manual as required by Section 615-8, including any manufacturer’s owner’s manual.
(5) A description for end product testing as required by Section 615-9.
(6) A description for end product reuse or disposal as required by Section 615-10.
(d) Structural Requirements. The waterless toilet system shall be designed to accept, hold and adequately treat liquid and solid human waste by microbial digestion. The design and installation shall meet the following:
(1) Waterless toilet system will exclude disease vectors, including, but not limited to, insects and rodents, and will prevent the spread of communicable disease.
(2) Provide ventilation to eliminate odors and prevent the escape of gases in the dwelling or occupied space.
(3) Materials and construction practices shall be structurally sound, reinforced, watertight, and be able to withstand the loading weight.
(4) All contact materials and components shall comply with applicable standards and shall be constructed of corrosion resistant materials.
(5) Waste materials and intermediate products will not contaminate or pollute surface or ground water, or otherwise significantly degrade the environment. Human contact with raw materials shall be minimized.
(e) Setbacks. Setbacks for waterless toilets, compost processors and end product disposal/reuse sites shall be the same as septic tanks and dispersal fields as described in Appendix E of the RTM.
(1) Contained compost processors with no leachate discharge shall meet the setbacks for parcels two and one-half (2 1/2) acres or larger, a thirty (30) foot setback from all property lines, and for parcels less than two and one-half (2 1/2) acres, a twenty (20) foot front yard setback, a five (5) foot side yard, and a ten (10) foot rear yard.
(2) Compost processors without a watertight vessel containing intermediate and finished end product shall meet the setbacks for dispersal fields.
(3) End product disposal/reuse sites shall meet the setbacks for dispersal fields.
(f) Leachate. Any excess liquid waste or accumulated leachate from a compost processor shall be recirculated within the processor or drained to the approved OWTS.
(g) Premanufactured waterless toilet systems shall be certified and listed by the NSF under NSF/ANSI Standard 41, unless otherwise approved by the Department.
(h) Custom site-built waterless toilet systems with supporting public domain documentation on design and operation may be accepted after approval by the local Building Official and the Department.
(i) Incinerating Toilets.
(1) Incinerating toilets will be designed and installed in accordance with all applicable Federal, State, and local air pollution requirements and manufacturer’s instructions.
(2) Incinerating toilets will meet the requirements of NSF Protocol P157 and bear the seal of approval of NSF or an equivalent third-party testing and certification program and will be operated according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
(j) Urine Diverting Toilets.
(1) Plumbing and components of diversion will meet current applicable California Plumbing Code standards.
(2) Discharge of diverted urine will be contained in an approved tank or discharge to an approved OWTS.
(3) A maintenance plan will address a pump out schedule, or planned onsite treatment and dispersal.
(4) Onsite reuse of diverted urine shall be treated using one of the following methods:
(A) Retention without addition for six (6) months before dispersal.
(B) Treatment through the compost processor.
(C) Other method approved by the Department.
(k) Upon issuance of final construction approval for a waterless toilet system, the Department shall cause a notice to be recorded on the property title indicating that a waterless toilet system has been installed on the parcel and that an operational permit is required. The cost for staff time for recordation and recordation fees shall be borne by the owner and will be included in the construction permit fee. This notice is intended to alert subsequent property owners of the existence of the waterless toilet system. New owners shall contact the Department for assistance with the requirements of this chapter.
(l) If the waterless toilet is no longer in use, the owner is required, after obtaining an approved permit(s) from the Department and Building Official, to remove or destroy the waterless toilet and install all required plumbing fixtures and piping, including connection to an approved OWTS, in accordance with applicable requirements. (Repealed and reenacted by Ord. 2628, § 2, 6/4/2019)